World War 1 lasted 1,564 days and caused some 40 million casualties. On average. 6,000 soldiers died every day. Some days were worse than others. At the battle of Frontiers on 22nd August 1914, France lost 27,000 men killed. At the Battle of the Somme on 1st July 1916, Britain lost 19,240 killed. On 21st March 1918, the Ludendorff Offensive, cost 10,851 German lives. While calculating casualty rates is complex and sometimes controversial, the following statistics are widely accepted estimates.
Civilian Deaths as a result of direct military action: 950,000
Civilian Deaths caused by disease and famine: 6 million
Country with the most military deaths: Germany (2.1 million)
Country with highest total death toll: Russia (3.8 million)
Highest Percentage of population killed: Serbia (16.11%)
250,000 British Soldiers suffered a partial or full amputation, as a result of fighting in the First World War.
List of Casualties in WWI
|Countries||Total Mobilized||Killed / Died||Wounded||Prisoners and Missing||Total Casualties||Percent of Casualties|
A map shows the ten places that saw the most men die in battle. While it was the big cities that lost the highest numbers of men, it was the smaller northern England and Scottish towns that saw entire generations completely wiped out
But it was the northern and Scottish towns that saw their populations hardest hit. In Durham 6,300 men lost their lives. This was equivalent to almost two in ten men in the city and nearly eight per cent of the total population.
Another Country Durham town, Bishop Auckland, was also hit hard losing more than six per cent of just 13,600 people, all of them men between 18 and 50-years-old.
Derby lost almost six per cent of its population and Dumfries five per cent, according to genealogy company Ancestry.
Nine of the 10 towns and cities that lost the highest proportion of their population are in Northern England and Scotland.
In part, historians have put the heavy loses these towns saw down to the formation of the ‘Pals Battalions’.
Nine of the 10 towns and cities that lost the highest proportion of their population during the First World War are in Northern England and Scotland.